Addressing artisanal and small-scale mining

The health, safety, social and environmental hazards associated with unregulated ASM and illegal mining on, or around, our tenements are significant, and mostly not within our direct control. Addressing them requires a collective response from large-scale mining companies, governments, communities, civil society and international multi lateral bodies.

There are a range of factors contributing to the growth of ASM and illegal mining across areas of the developing world endowed with large gold resources, including high gold prices, the impact of climate change, loss of traditional livelihoods, political instability, and the devastating consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. We continue to advocate for increased efforts to find alternative livelihoods wherever possible for those engaged in illegal mining and ASM, while also recognising the importance of supporting the formalisation of ASM wherever possible, to help regulate and mitigate this activity for the countless number of people engaged in it.

At Siguiri, illegal mining activities on and around our concessions continue, with anecdotal evidence suggesting a continued influx of people from neighbouring areas within and outside of Guinea seeking income from ASM. We continue to work with local and regional authorities, community leaders and other stakeholders to assist in mitigating or reducing this risk to communities and our operations. We also facilitated the initiation of an ASM formalisation project at Siguiri in 2020. We introduced a third-party ASM expert to coordinate this initiative, which will be led by the Guinea Government with our full support. As a result of COVID-19 and the changes in government, the project launch has been delayed. We are hopeful it will resume in 2022.


Our performance


* These fatalities are as a result of illegal activities on our concession. In one tragic incident in Q2 at Siguiri in a remote, non-operational area on our concession not directly under our control, ASM activities led to a fall of ground resulting in 15 fatalities.

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) occurs where individuals or, increasingly, organised groups mine informally and sometimes illegally, often on or near sites belonging to large-scale mining companies, including AngloGold Ashanti.

Prioritised SDGs


Indicator20212020201920182017
Fatalities and injuries to community members whilst engaged in illegal activity, and not related to security interventions (number)
Fatalities2617253733
Injuries65920918
Number of sites/operations where ASM takes place adjacent or near the mine811111111